Micro/community health insurance

Program Focus: Health area, Patient Demographic and Geography

How are micro/community health insurance programs profiled by CHMI targeting their services? While some programs are very general in their focus, many target their activities to cater to a specific geographic area (e.g. urban, rural) or a specific segment of the population (e.g. children, women). In addition, while all programs featured on this topic page have a focus on micro/community health insurance, many are simultaneously focusing on other health areas (e.g. AIDS, tuberculosis). Click "Learn More" below to explore these focuses through graphs and data.

Health Focus

140
Programs

Dentistry: 4
Emergency care: 7
Eye care: 1
Family planning and reproductive health: 9
HIV/AIDS: 6
Malaria and other vector borne diseases: 4
Maternal, newborn and child health: 28
Mental health: 3
Noncommunicable disease(s): 3
Nutrition: 2
Other/not applicable: 29
Pharmacy services: 3
Primary care: 92
Rehabilitative care: 1
Secondary/tertiary care: 63
Tuberculosis: 3

Target Geography

137
Programs

Peri-urban: 69
Rural: 121
Urban: 75

Target Population

147
Programs

Children five or older: 7
Children under five: 11
Disabled: 2
Elderly: 3
Ethnic minority: 5
Formal sector workers: 9
General population: 112
Informal sector workers: 18
Men: 6
Military: 0
Women: 32
Young adults (13-24): 5

Program Funding

What are the sources of funding for micro/community health insurance programs profiled by CHMI? Programs receive funding from a range of sources, often in combination, including: donors, investors, government, and more. Click "Learn More" below to explore where CHMI-profiled programs are receiving funding through graphs and data.

Funding Sources

148
Programs

Donor: 72
Government: 26
In-kind contributions: 11
Investor capital: 7
Revenue: 121
Self-funded (bootstrapped): 4

Innovative Approaches

Which innovative approaches are micro/community health insurance programs using to achieve their goals? The following graphs illustrate the approaches that CHMI-profiled programs use to improve health market performance in this health area. These approaches fall into five categories: innovations that organize healthcare delivery, innovations that help finance care, innovations that regulate the performance of healthcare providers, innovations that change behaviors among patients and providers, and innovations that enhance processes for increased efficiency. Click "Learn More" below to explore each of these categories through graphs and data.

Approaches

152
Programs

Changing Behavior: 43
Enhancing Processes: 36
Financing Care: 152
Organizing Delivery: 33
Regulating Performance: 7

Organizing Delivery

33
Programs

Discover how programs deliver healthcare services or link together private providers.

Cooperative: 3
Health services chain: 12
Health services network: 20
Professional association: 2
Social Franchising: 2

Financing Care

152
Programs

Discover how programs help to finance care for the poor.

Contracting: 2
Cross-subsidization: 3
Government health insurance: 4
Health savings: 6
Micro/community health insurance: 152
Vouchers: 3

Regulating Performance

7
Programs

Discover how programs set standards and/or enforce quality care among private health providers.

Expansion incentives: 4
Licensing/accreditation: 3
Monitoring standards: 5
Pay for performance: 2
Policy/legislation: 2

Changing Behavior

43
Programs

Discover how programs encourage consumers to seek better care or health workers to provide better care

Conditional cash transfer: 2
Consumer association: 5
Consumer education: 35
Provider training: 10
Social Marketing: 3

Enhancing Processes

36
Programs

Discover how programs apply operational processes or technologies to improve quality, access, efficiency, or cost.

Information communication technology: 23
Innovative operational processes: 9
Laboratory testing/ diagnostics: 9
Mobile clinic: 10
Products/equipment: 4
Supply chain enhancements: 2