Today is [World Tobacco Day](http://www.who.int/tobacco/en/); when awareness on the dangers of tobacco are raised across the globe. Tobacco kills almost 6 million people every year and is one of the leading preventable causes of illness and death around the world. The [WHO](http://www.who.int/en/) estimates that tobacco will kill more than 8 million people every year by 2030, with four out of five of these deaths occurring in low and middle-income countries. The WHO has more information on the topic [here](http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2012/tobacco_20120530/en/in...).
[Co.exist](http://www.fastcoexist.com/) has recently released an article on an innovative device that is making inroads in Africa and which has the potential to change how circumcision is done worldwide. [Prepex](http://www.prepex.com/) created this device in 2009 and it conducts circumcisions sans injected anesthesia, sutures, sterile settings, hospitals, physicians, and blood. A well-trained nurse is needed to attach the device; however the whole procedure can be conducted in less than five minutes. You can read more about the effects of this device [here](http://www.fastcoexist.com/1679846/how-this-virtually-painless-adult-cir...).
The [World Health Organization](http://www.who.int/en/) (WHO) concluded its 65th session of the World Health Assembly last Saturday (May 26th, 2012) in Geneva after adopting 21 resolutions and arriving at three decisions on a broad range of health issues. Discussion in this assembly revolved around a variety of issues such as non-communicable diseases and the establishment of [World Immunization Week](http://www.who.int/immunization/newsroom/events/immunization_week/en/). However, the movement towards [Universal Health Coverage](http://www.who.int/health_financing/en/) was the central theme of this assembly's session as evidenced by the opening discussion labeled, "[Towards Universal Coverage](http://www.who.int/dg/speeches/2012/wha_20120521/en/index.html)"; which was led by Dr. Margaret Chan who was also appointed for a second five-year term as Director-General of WHO. Click [here](http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2012/wha65_closes_20120526/...) to read more about the assembly and [here](http://uhcforward.org/) to read more about the movement towards Universal Health Coverage.
Jeffery Sachs, the economist and director of the [Earth Institute at Columbia University](http://www.earth.columbia.edu/sections/view/9), recently wrote an article in [The Guardian](http://www.guardiannews.com/) on how aid-supported healthcare programs have played a key role in cutting death rates in many developing countries. In evidencing this he analyzed one of the more recent [studies](http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2050847) on this topic, a study by Gabriel Demombynes and Sofia Trommlerova examining how various health initiatives have helped drive down infant mortality rates in Kenya. Click [here](http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/economics-blog/2012/may/30/foreign-ai...) to read more.
In a recent study published in the journal [PNAS](http://www.pnas.org/), researchers at the [Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health](http://www.jhsph.edu/) discovered that efforts to reduce tuberculosis transmission in high-incidence “hotspots” where infections are highest could significantly reduce TB transmission on a broader scale. Researchers found that reducing TB transmission within three high-transmission hotspots could reduce citywide transmission by 9.8 percent over 5 years, and as much as 29 percent over 50 years. Click [here](http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/05/23/1203517109.abstract) to read more.
The deadline for [DFID’s](http://www.dfid.gov.uk/) [Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund](http://www.dfid.gov.uk/What-we-do/Research-and-evidence/news/research-ne...) proposals is fast approaching. Make sure to submit proposals by **June 4th, 2012**, if you wish to be considered.
Experts in the public health community who work with patient diagnosis and treatment have an opportunity for the first time in WHO history to contribute to the development of the next version of the [International Classification of Diseases](http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/) (ICD). The ICD is a WHO publication that ensures all members of the health community refer to diseases and health conditions in a specific and consistent way. WHO is releasing the beta version of what will be ICD-11 on a wiki-type platform that allows stakeholder comments to be added after peer review. Public health experts interested in contributing to ICD-11 can review the classification and register to join the consultation now. The final version of ICD-11 will be launched in 2015. Click [here](http://www.who.int/features/2012/international_classification_disease/en...) to learn more about this opportunity.
Philip Auerswald, fellow at the [Kaufmann Foundation](http://www.kauffman.org/http://www.kauffman.org/) and a [George Mason University](http://www.gmu.edu/) economist/professor whose recent book _The Coming Prosperity_ is offering a [free course](http://entrepreneurshipandglobalization.eventbrite.com/) on entrepreneurship and globalization online. You can either audit the class, or complete the coursework and be awarded a digital badge/certificate at the end of the course as proof of your completion. If you are interested sign up soon as spaces are filling fast!