Country of Operation
- World BankForeign aid agency or multilateral organization
- Ministry of Social Development and Poverty Reduction (MDS)Government
- Secretariat for Citizen Income (SENARC)Government
SummaryBolsa Família Program (BFP) targets the poorest families in Brazil and builds upon and consolidates previously existing cash transfer programs into one conditional cash transfer program. These include Bolsa Escola, Bolsa Alimentacao, Cartao Alimentacao, and Auxilio Gas.
The ultimate objective was to reduce poverty and inequality and to promote human capital investments among poor families through the direct monetary transfers and incentives to poor families.
Key program components
The BFP seeks to help (a) reduce current poverty and inequality, by providing a minimum level of income for extremely poor families (defined as families with per capita monthly incomes below US$17; the program also targets moderately poor households with per capita monthly incomes below US$46 and higher than US$17); and (b) break the intergenerational transmission of poverty by conditioning these transfers on beneficiary compliance with human capital requirements (school attendance, vaccines, pre-natal visits).
Health interventions are targeted at children under six years of age and pregnant women. The program also seeks to help empower BFP beneficiaries by linking them to other complementary services. As the largest conditional cash transfer in the developing world, the BFP has attracted significant attention both in Brazil and beyond. The program is a national program with a target of 11 million beneficiaries from a baseline of approximately 3 million.
Poor households receive a base cash transfer ($20) per month regardless of family size and composition. A variable cash incentive of up to three transfers ranging from US$5-US$15 is paid depending upon whether education, health, and nutrition conditions are met.