Deen Dayal Chalit Aspatal (Mobile Units)
Country of Operation
- Jain Videos, Jagaran SolutionsFor-profit
- Government of Madhya PradeshGovernment
Target income level
- Bottom 20%
SummaryDeen Dayal Chalit Aspatal (or Deen Dayal Mobile Units) make health services accessible to disadvantaged populations in remote rural areas through Mobile Medical Units (MMUs).
This program aims to improve the availability and access to quality healthcare for people residing in remote areas, the poor, women and children, eventually reducing the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR). It hopes to do this by providing universal access to integrated comprehensive public health services, improving child health, water, sanitation, and hygiene, preventing and controlling communicable and non-communicable diseases, including local endemic diseases, and promoting healthy life styles.
Key program components
The Mobile Medical Units (MMUs) are equipped with Global Positioning System (GPS). Each of these units is accompanied by a doctor, a nurse, a lab attendant, a pharmacist and a provisioned driver. Apart from the consultation facility, there are also a variety of pharmaceuticals available in the van that are issued free of cost. Specific services provided by the mobile units are: * Early detection tests for tuberculosis, malaria, leprosy, kala-azar and other locally endemic communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, diabetes etc * Anti-natal checkup and related services * Promotion of institutional deliveries * Immunization clinics * Treatment of common pediatric diseases, diarrhea, pneumonia, respiratory tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases, family planning services (counseling for spacing and permanent methods) * Distribution of contraceptives * Patient referrals
Mobile Medical Units have been operational in Madhya Pradesh since 1988 (previously named Jeewan Jyoti Yojana) in the tribal areas of Hat Bazaar and relaunched in 2006 as Deen Dayal Chalit Aspatal. Under the past scheme, 39 MMUs were operating. In 2003, 10 MMU’s were added in 5 districts. The experience of the state using MMUs to provide medical and health services in unreached areas had been a mix one. Operating these services required intense management, maintenance and a lot of human resources. Considering these constraints, the state proposed to the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), to begin operating this program by Public Private Partnership, which was approved. Private providers interested in providing services were invited to bid.