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Janani Suraksha Yojana Program


A central government sponsored scheme for increasing institutional deliveries though demand-side monetary incentives. The program pays women to give birth in health facilities, aiming to reduce maternal and infant mortality, particularly those associated with complicated births.

Program goals

The goal of the program is to provide a strong commitment to reduce maternal and infant mortality, provide universal access to public health services, prevent and control communicable and non communicable diseases, ensure population stabilization, maintain gender balance and revitalize local health traditions.

Key program components

The JSY covers all pregnant women belonging to households below the poverty line, above 19 years of age for up to two live births. The JSY integrates help in the form of cash with antenatal care during pregnancy period, institutional care during delivery as well as post-partum. This is provided by field level health workers through a system of coordinated care and health centers. Benefits for institutional delivery are more generous in rural areas and in low-performing states, ranging from Rs.600 to Rs.1,400. A subsidy is also available to private sector providers for emergency caseareans, on referral.

On the demand side, conditional cash payments are made to pregnant women for institutional delivery in both government and private accredited hospitals. On the supply side, vouchers are given to community-level health workers on the condition that they identify eligible pregnant women and assist them to reach a health facility. Additionally, health workers must provide postnatal care visits, ensure that children receive a BCG vaccination, and provide mothers with family planning and counseling advice.