As a pro-poor targeting strategy, the PROSALUD health care model implements a system of cross-subsidies to offer economically accessible prices to lower-income sectors: 6 PROSALUD centers charge less than USD 2.90 for an appointment with a general practitioner, 14 PROSALUD centers charge between USD 2.90- 4.30 for this same appointment and 7 PROSALUD centers charge between USD 4.30 – 5.70 for the same appointment. PROSALUD makes use of a system of cross-subsidies on three levels: utilize the money paid for care related to existing conditions to subsidize preventative care; centers in the network with a budget surplus subsidize centers with deficits; and clients able to pay subsidize clients unable to pay.
This system of cross-subsidization is the basis for the success of the PROSALUD model, and it is the key for PROSALUD to offer high quality health care and services at a very low cost, and, which cares for more than 500,000 people every year (5% of the Bolivian population). PROSALUD has become both an important partner in the public health sector and an alternative to the private sector.
PROSALUD is in 6 of the 9 Bolivian states made up of a network of 23 primary care centers and 5 secondary care clinics. PROSALUD has developed and maintained partnerships with both the local and national government, in addition to international organizations and community leaders, in order to implement community outreach strategies. This has allowed them to expand their services to include a variety of priority issues, including sexual and reproductive health, tuberculosis and diabetes.
Due to their unique structure, and thanks to their network of partnerships, PROSALUD has been able to develop a variety of activities and projects, including:
Social Marketing Program, which distributes and sells contraceptives and maternal health in a national level at a subsidized cost;
Strengthening programs for HIV awareness and voluntary testing for HIV, this program is integrated into their 5 clinics.
Awareness raising and training of reproductive and sexual rights in young people
manages USAID-Bolivia funds for health areas.
PROSALUD model has been replicated in several countries. In Nicaragua, as an example, they started with a health centers network that ended to be part of Pro-Familia Nicaragua.