Enhancing Processes

Program Focus: Health Area, Patient Demographic, and Geography

How are programs profiled by CHMI targeting their services? While some programs are very general in their focus, many target their activities to cater to a specific geographic area or a specific segment of the population. In addition, while all programs featured on this topic page have a primary focus, many are simultaneously focusing on other health areas. Click "Learn More" below to explore these focuses through graphs and data.

Health Focus


Dentistry: 29
Emergency care: 53
Eye care: 52
Family planning and reproductive health: 132
Malaria and other vector borne diseases: 53
Maternal, newborn and child health: 184
Mental health: 17
Noncommunicable disease(s): 66
Nutrition: 34
Other/not applicable: 80
Pharmacy services: 34
Primary care: 287
Rehabilitative care: 23
Secondary/tertiary care: 106
Tuberculosis: 49

Target Geography


Peri-urban: 462
Rural: 603
Urban: 481

Target Population


Children five or older: 95
Children under five: 163
Disabled: 20
Elderly: 26
Ethnic minority: 15
Formal sector workers: 22
General population: 518
Informal sector workers: 28
Men: 67
Military: 7
Women: 250
Young adults (13-24): 105

Program Funding

What are the sources of funding for programs profiled by CHMI? Programs receive funding from a range of sources, often in combination, including: donors, investors, government, and more. Click "Learn More" below to explore where CHMI-profiled programs are receiving funding through graphs and data.

Funding Sources


Donor: 530
Government: 166
In-kind contributions: 97
Investor capital: 66
Revenue: 312
Self-funded (bootstrapped): 58

Innovative Approaches

Which innovative approaches are these programs using to achieve their goals? The following graphs illustrate the approaches that CHMI-profiled programs use to improve health market performance in this health area. These approaches fall into five categories: innovations that organize healthcare delivery, innovations that help finance care, innovations that regulate the performance of healthcare providers, innovations that change behaviors among patients and providers, and innovations that enhance processes for increased efficiency. Click "Learn More" below to explore each of these categories through graphs and data.



Changing Behavior: 412
Financing Care: 145
Organizing Delivery: 211
Regulating Performance: 101

Organizing Delivery


Discover how programs deliver healthcare services or link together private providers.

Cooperative: 7
Health services chain: 79
Health services network: 90
Professional association: 14
Social Franchising: 40

Financing Care


Discover how programs help to finance care for the poor.

Contracting: 28
Cross-subsidization: 48
Government health insurance: 15
Health savings: 11
Micro/community health insurance: 36
Vouchers: 26

Regulating Performance


Discover how programs set standards and/or enforce quality care among private health providers.

Expansion incentives: 19
Licensing/accreditation: 25
Monitoring standards: 58
Pay for performance: 14
Policy/legislation: 14

Changing Behavior


Discover how programs encourage consumers to seek better care or health workers to provide better care

Conditional cash transfer: 7
Consumer association: 31
Consumer education: 281
Provider training: 154
Social Marketing: 104

Enhancing Processes


Discover how programs apply operational processes or technologies to improve quality, access, efficiency, or cost.

Information communication technology: 366
Innovative operational processes: 172
Laboratory testing/ diagnostics: 112
Mobile clinic: 198
Products/equipment: 136
Supply chain enhancements: 110