Information communication technology

Program Focus: Health area, Patient Demographic and Geography

How are programs profiled by CHMI which use ICT targeting their services? While some programs are very general in their focus, many target their activities to cater to a specific geographic area (e.g. urban, rural) or a specific segment of the population (e.g. children, women). In addition, while all programs featured on this topic page focus on improving health through ICT, many also focus on other health areas (e.g. AIDS, tuberculosis). Click "Learn More" below to explore in what health focus areas programs in ICT are working through graphs and data.

Health Focus


Dentistry: 10
Emergency care: 33
Eye care: 17
Family planning and reproductive health: 43
Malaria and other vector borne diseases: 13
Maternal, newborn and child health: 83
Mental health: 13
Noncommunicable disease(s): 28
Nutrition: 12
Other/not applicable: 49
Pharmacy services: 18
Primary care: 156
Rehabilitative care: 6
Secondary/tertiary care: 58
Tuberculosis: 20

Target Geography


Peri-urban: 233
Rural: 283
Urban: 247

Target Population


Children five or older: 35
Children under five: 59
Disabled: 7
Elderly: 15
Ethnic minority: 7
Formal sector workers: 18
General population: 263
Informal sector workers: 14
Men: 26
Military: 3
Women: 95
Young adults (13-24): 40

Program Funding

What are the sources of funding for programs in using ICT profiled by CHMI? Programs receive funding from a range of sources, often in combination, including: donors, investors, government, and more. Click "Learn More" below to explore where CHMI-profiled programs are receiving funding through graphs and data.

Funding Sources


Donor: 218
Government: 75
In-kind contributions: 39
Investor capital: 43
Revenue: 157
Self-funded (bootstrapped): 39

Innovative Approaches

Which innovative approaches are ICT programs using to achieve their goals? The following graphs illustrate the approaches that CHMI-profiled programs use to improve health market performance in this health area. These approaches fall into five categories: innovations that organize healthcare delivery, innovations that help finance care, innovations that regulate the performance of healthcare providers, innovations that change behaviors among patients and providers, and innovations that enhance processes for increased efficiency. Click "Learn More" below to explore each of these categories through graphs and data.



Changing Behavior: 168
Enhancing Processes: 366
Financing Care: 71
Organizing Delivery: 95
Regulating Performance: 51

Regulating Performance


Discover how programs set standards and/or enforce quality care among private health providers.

Expansion incentives: 11
Licensing/accreditation: 12
Monitoring standards: 31
Pay for performance: 6
Policy/legislation: 5

Financing Care


Discover how programs help to finance care for the poor.

Contracting: 12
Cross-subsidization: 18
Government health insurance: 13
Health savings: 7
Micro/community health insurance: 23
Vouchers: 12

Changing Behavior


Discover how programs encourage consumers to seek better care or health workers to provide better care

Conditional cash transfer: 6
Consumer association: 14
Consumer education: 115
Provider training: 63
Social Marketing: 38

Enhancing Processes


Discover how programs apply operational processes or technologies to improve quality, access, efficiency, or cost.

Information communication technology: 366
Innovative operational processes: 55
Laboratory testing/ diagnostics: 27
Mobile clinic: 49
Products/equipment: 43
Supply chain enhancements: 26

Organizing Delivery


Discover how programs deliver healthcare services or link together private providers.

Cooperative: 3
Health services chain: 35
Health services network: 43
Professional association: 9
Social Franchising: 16