The goal of AMFm is to improve access to artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs), the most effective anti-malaria treatment. The AMFm pilot phase was launched in April 2009 and began operations in July 2010. It set out to increase availability, particularly through private outlets where most people seek their treatments, and drive down the price of ACTs through a factory-gate global subsidy of ACTs combined with country-level measures to support its implementation.
The Global Fund commissioned the independent evaluation to assess the extent to which AMFm has achieved the main objectives laid out for its pilot phase, which ends in December 2012. The independent evaluation was mandated by the Global Fund Board and will inform its decision in November 2012, when the Board is expected to consider the future of AMFm beyond the pilot phase.