Public Stewardship of Private Providers in Mixed Health Systems

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This report summarizes the findings from research commissioned in 2008 by the Rockefeller Foundation, in collaboration with the Results for Development Institute and the Thai Ministry of Public Health’s International Health Policy Program. This research—resulting in 14 papers by various institutions, examining the role of the private sector in health systems in developing countries— draws on multiple data sources, including, a global survey of countries’ regulatory models, a scan of innovative private sector financing and delivery models, a survey of attitudes toward the private health sector, and evidence on where people receive health services. The Foundation sponsored this work as part of broader repositioning of its health strategy to address the emerging challenges of the 21st century. The repositioning led, in late 2008, to adoption of a new Foundation initiative on Transforming Health Systems to achieve high-quality, accessible, and affordable health coverage for all.