Country of Operation
Target income level
- Lower-middle income (20-40%)
- Other/not applicable
SummarySchools Promoting Learning and Achievement through Sanitation and Hygiene (SPLASH) is a USAID funded project whose overall objective is to sustainably improve access to safe water, sanitation, information, and health practices to improve learning environments in basic schools.
SPLASH aims to improve pupils' health, learning, and performance by increasing their access to safe water and adequate sanitation, and improving their hygiene and health practices both at school and at home. Pupil performance in schools depends on many factors. One critical factor is whether children's basic physical needs are being met, in particular their need for and right to adequate and safe drinking water, and clean accessible toilets. If these facilities are absent or inadequate, children will be more susceptible to illness, their attention and learning capacity will be compromised, and when girls reach puberty, they may simply stop coming to school altogether.
Key program components
Key activities include:
- Launching behavior change campaigns
- Providing adequate water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities in schools
- Building Zambian government capacity for financing and sustaining a national, provincial, and local school water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) program
- Advocating for a national policy and improved institutional environment for school WASH
SPLASH expects that its activities will result in measurable improvements in school attendance by decreasing the number of days pupils are absent due to lack of water, illness, or menstrual hygiene constraints, which in turn will increase the pupil-teacher contact time and lead to improvement in reading and other basic skills. SPLASH also expects a decrease in girls' drop-out rates and female teacher attrition.
SPLASH works in 634 schools to improve WASH facilities, and also to provide a comprehensive hygiene improvement program focusing on healthy habits, such as treating drinking water and hand washing with soap and using improved latrines.
Working with local communities, from April 2012 to August 2013, SPLASH constructed 760 latrines, improved 128 latrines, installed 40 handpumps and 40 2,500 litre water tanks in schools in Lundazi, Mambwe, and Chipata.
SPLASH works in close collaboration with the Zambian Ministry of Education, Science, Vocational Training and Early Education, which houses all staff. SPLASH also works with Ministry of Health, Ministry of Local Government and Housing, as well as the Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child.